REMEMBERING THE VICTIMS OF THE CONGOLESE HOLOCAUST (1996 – 2018)
Democratic Republic of Congo is under occupation and deplores at least 8 million victims dead since the second war of invasion leaded by the Tutsi coalition of Rwandan-Ugandan-Burundi that began in early August 1998.
This second deadly invasion followed the first one which was maliciously organized under the mantle of the AFDL, comprised largely of soldiers and generals of the armed forces of the three countries neighboring Congo as mentioned above. Previously, few Congolese, such as President Laurent Désiré Kabila, General Ngandu Kisasse were contacted and attracted by president Kagame and Museveni in a strategic manner to hide this first triple foreign invasion that began officially in September 1996.
In this context of a war of invasion known as the « Liberation » of Kongo, it was therefore necessary to develop a more effective strategy, marked by the total disinformation and moderated by a misleading incomparable campaign in the world. This necessitated requisitioning this war from Uganda, meticulously planned and launched by the Tutsi-Rwandan military elite in exile, having ravaged Rwanda and Burundi and propelled the fugitives, among others, in Congo-Zaire, after the double assassination of Rwandan President Juvenal HabyarImana and his Burundian counterpart, the president Cyprien Ntaryamira on April 6, 1994.
This double assassination which marks the tragic history of Rwanda-Urundi and the whole of Central Africa is the result of a long war of invasion triggered by Rwandan Tutsi exiles who fled their country in 1959 and formed the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR) in the late 80s to invade Rwanda from Uganda in early October 1990. This war has destabilized much of sub-Saharan Africa with incalculable consequences on all fronts! The horrors committed in the Congo by the regular armies of the three countries neighboring the Congo (Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi) and their respective militias are encouraged by impunity out of the ordinary and an evil silent who does not say its name.
Since ancient times until today, the people of the Congo, in particular, and those of Central Africa in general, are not attributable to any reproach in the conflicts ravaging the Rwanda-Urundi in the power-sharing and equality among ethnic groups: Hutu majority (85%), Tutsi (14%) and Twa (1%) minority.
Several historians and witness missionaries, in some cases, co-actors in the history of Rwanda, supported by many testimonies of Rwandans themselves, as Antoine Nyetera in his report submitted to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha (2001-2002) entitled « The truth about the Hutu-Tutsi conflict » clearly certify that the causes of the Rwandan tragedy have their roots in Rwanda and are referring at the Rwandans themselves, especially among traditional Tutsi leaders (Bamis or Mwami ) before the independence of Rwanda.
In his report, Nyetera explains clearly how the Tutsi dynasty infiltrated within the ancient power of established Hutu aristocratic, having overthrown and massacred Hutu Leaders and principalities background and settled the Hamitic (Tutsi) aristocratic power and which was maintained until the late 50’s. In fact, regarding the origin of the Tutsi aristocracy in Rwanda and Burundi, Archbishop Julien Gorju (1938) certified, after conducting thorough investigations with the princes of the new Hamitic dynasty (Tutsi) therefore, that: « They are many princes faces which are those of the Bantu pure. We will be unable to list all of the names among the old and new. In short, taken as a whole, our princes are less Hamitics (Tutsi) than simple shepherds and, when they appear, this should probably be attributed to incessantly unions repeated in the Hamitic (Tutsi) ethnic group. »
In this regard, Antoine Nyetera said in his testimonies at ICTR that the new Tutsi monarchy has « resorted to all kinds of tricks, alliances and stratagems to assert its authority and subjugate the rest of the social components considered, therefore, as subjects such chores at will. A new system of education and socialization was then introduced: the myth of the superior intelligence of the nomad Hamites component and its Tutsi predestination to prevail over the other was assimilated in the Rwandan majority population. This is the system that the Germans colonialists found and strongly supported as they were the first to colonize the whole which is now Rwanda and Burundi”. The Germans administrators and missionaries have strengthened the primitive system of domination and enslavement of Hutu by the Tutsi minority, a system of racial segregation and exploitation based on caste hierarchy and a radical mono-ethnic power directed exclusively by the Tutsi.
With regard to the infiltration of Tutsi in the power of Hutu aristocraticy, Bishop Gorju (1938) notes after observing the new Tutsi dynasty established in Rwanda, he said about the Hamitic (Tutsi) princes that: « Their customs come to support what they say. Their confidence men are still among the locals Hutu. A prince, when he marries a Mututsi girl (Tutsi), ensures performing ceremonies in a hut of a Muhutu (Hutu), formed specifically for this by Bahutu, in a kraal of Bahutu. When a prince’s death seems near ahead, he asks for bringing him into the hut of one of his Bahutu intimates to die. » Thus, in order to reveal the lies conveyed by the new Tutsi oligarchy, Bishop Gorju quoted the great leader Nduwumwe who has claimed loud and clear: « please do not extreme dislike our origin; we princes, our first ancestor was Muhutu (Hutu), we really are Bahutu. » Such an assertion in a country where lying is consider as a cult and where only Mututsi was curiously supposed to be « dignified » at this time has required of leader Nduwumwe a certain attachment to the truth. (Gorju, Julien Bishop, 1938: « Faced with the Hamitic kingdom of Rwanda, the brother of the kingdom Urundi » Library of Congo, NS Nr.3, Brussels, 1938).
After the Second World War (1940-1945), Belgian received mandate from the international community to head the Rwanda-Urundi on replacement of Germans. The Belgians enforced the same system supported by the Germans. The Tutsi are overwhelmingly supported in their practice of enslavement of Hutus majority. Since at least 1922, a true racial segregation was operating in Rwanda-Urundi from the primary level. Later, the instructions of Monsignor Leon Class to various missions to Rwanda are especially clear: « School of Batutsi must have precedence over that of Bahutu (.) It prepares us for the future by winning future presidents; by winning parents and the government (…) We must aim at ensuring Tutsi local (or classrooms) to be separated from the Hutu classrooms in the school. « (Leon Class (Bishop), 1922: » The Rwanda and its people. »)
Meanwhile, Hutu, considered being the mass of Cerfs and slaves, languishing under the domination of the Tutsi aristocracy supported by the Belgian colonists.
However, in 1957, the Hutus decided preparing a memorandum on the claims called « Bahutu Manifesto, » they addressed including Belgian Minister of settlements and the Trusteeship Council of the United Nations. This manifesto requires: « Sharing the land; removing latifundia (ibikingi) that had become over the years properties and pastures for only Tutsi, and the Hutu participation in the territorial administration, etc. In short, the » Manifesto of Bahutu « presented the Hutu – Tutsi problem in these terms: « The question regarding Hutu-Tutsi is the problem no. 1 in Rwanda, because it calls into question the co-existence of the group numerically superior, on the one hand, and the minority group economically and politically superior to the other. Thus it is the Life of the all Rwandan people that is at stake here (Hutu: 84%; Tutsi: 15%; Twa 1%)”. The Hutu’s Manifesto was claiming de facto equality of all citizens of the country by the establishment of a democratic regime capable of guaranteeing maximum equal rights for all Rwandan citizens, in regard of obligations, honors or charges, a political and administrative structure, where the privileges of caste is banned, in order to ensure that all citizens, without distinction, having equality of opportunity in all public sectors and especially in administrative and managerial positions.
The United Nations received petitions from Hutu and was concerned about the unequal situation of Rwanda-Urundi people. Thus, the mission’s report tackles head on, for the first time, the Hutu-Tutsi problem, so far systematically denied by the Tutsi leaders and minimized by the Belgian colonial administration. The UN report criticizes the bad foundations of Belgian colonialism politics in the territory of Rwanda-Urundi. In paragraph 45 of its report, the United Nations insisted on the urgency of a move towards making possible and accelerating the empowerment of Hutu. The United Nations declared among other things: « This will to a large measure put the end of the danger of exploitation of Bantus Farmers (Hutu) by Hamites pastors (Tutsi), but will pose other distressing problems. » And as one might expect, the staff members of the mwami’s courts (the king of the Tutsis of Rwanda) were the first to protest against the claims of Hutu. They stated unequivocally that they did not have to share power with the Hutu, as they were not their brothers, but their slaves!
According to Antoine Nyetera, the mwami Tutsi and his closer staff remembered the public opinion that: « First they were descendants of heaven (ibimanuka)” or anunaki of the race of giants, Anaks and that “they had therefore no brotherhood with the Land human being”. These elder statements of the Tutsi mwami recall what was written in the ancient books of humanity before the flood. The book of Enoch and Sumerians manuscripts resumed in the Old Testament speak about the race of giants who sow violence on the earth, the nephilim from unnatural unions between women of humans and discarded angels. It is quite possible that the notables Tutsi supported their statements on their very remarkable tall, their lust for devouring power, malice, the cult of falsehood and their warrior culture by using excessive violence and perversion. To mark their convictions and their determination, the statement of these staff members of Tutsi king was signed by eleven of them (abagaragu cumi babili na b’Ibwami). Nyetera still says that: « They (the leaders) recommended the mwami (Tutsi King) not to share their latifundia with Hutu, and suggested that the Hutu go instead to dwell in Gishari and Mokoto in Kivu, in Congo in case they would need land. »
Intolerance and intransigence of the Tutsi oligarchy set the tone in the wake of the events that have shaken Rwanda-Urundi for many years: Hutu Petitioners were convicted and accused of « separatism » and treated as « divisionnistes”, « Inyangarwanda », that means « enemies of Rwanda. » Thus, the Supreme Council of the country from 9 to June 12, 1958 which was seized of the social Hutu-Tutsi matter, ended with a contemptuous rejection of the claims of Hutu. And before going to Brussels where he was invited to the international exhibition of 1958, the mwami Mutara III Rudahigwa launched threats against Hutus, he declared: « The promoters of such misdeeds can not hide, and if it proves to be again, the tree that produces such fruit, I will destroy it. »
Despite the intimidation of mwami Mutara III, the United Nations made sure to what the Rwanda-Urundi gets democratic institutions, a power derived from free elections and political parties. The Hutu founded the “Association for Social Advancement of Mass (APROSOMA)” and the Movement “Party of the Hutu Emancipation (PARMEHUTU)”, while the Tutsi founded the “Union Nationale Rwandaise (UNaR)”. In November 1959, during a popular vote, which gave birth to the « social revolution », the caste hierarchy and the aristocracy of Tutsi were abolished. The Tutsi king was deposed. In this context, at the instigation of UNaR which aims to retain power, stirring unrest Rwanda. The Tutsi Leaders condemned Belgians to whom they accuse of failing to prevent the Hutu to claim their rights. The UNaR sent a circular letter to all Tutsi heads and deputy heads aimed at putting an end to the activities of Hutu parties.
The Hutu are hounded and harassed in public places and markets. The UNaR spread leaflets urging the killing of Hutu. In one of the leaflets was written: « Banyarwanda, we must unite, seek at all costs these enemies of Rwanda and their offspring and to exterminate all these bad seeds. Forward Banyarwanda, watch out, exterminate these snakes, enemies of Rwanda. » These violent attacks against leaders of Hutu political parties by Tutsi Unaristes provoked a violent Hutu reaction.
The Belgian Para-commandos intervened to stop the trouble and the culprits were arrested. Some chefs and sous-chefs Tutsi who had carried out massive attacks have been arrested, and others took exile to Uganda, Congo, Tanzania and Burundi. The internal autonomy was granted in 1960, but the independence of Rwanda-Urundi was only proclaimed in 1962. On October 26, 1962, Gregoire Kayibanda was first elected Hutu president of Rwanda as a sovereign state. However, the democratic elections have not guaranteed peace in Rwanda. All efforts made towards the Tutsi remained unsuccessful and did not bring to any solution of the conflict. They refused to be headed by a Hutu president; parliamentarians, ministers and senior-medical assistants, veterinarians, agronomists and some teachers left their position for protest. They then took exile at the same time; those who remained (Unaristes) started organizing acts of sabotage and the hunting of the PARMEHUTU Hutu and the APROSOMA. The Unariste Tutsi militia in neighbouring countries was making incursions into Rwanda to murder majors, communal police, deputies, accountants, and even ordinary citizens. The Tutsi rebels have named themselves « Inyenzi” abbreviation of “Ingangurarugo Ziyemeje kuba Inyenzi. » Ingangurarugo remembered the militia of King Kigeri IV; Ziyemeje means determined; kuba means to be; Inyenzi means a cockroach, an insect pest that is swarming, which occurs very quickly, attack at night and festers quickly and skillfully hiding. Nyetera confirms that it is not the Hutus who gave them the name of inyenzi (cockroach), it is themselves.
Later The Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR) took the name « Inkotani » which means « fierce » Wrestlers or militias who triggered the war of 1990 from Uganda to mark a brutal return to Rwanda-Urundi. This terrible war caused the double assassination of both Rwandan and Burundian presidents and a double genocide of Rwandan Hutu, Tutsi and Twa.
The war of Rwandan invasion in the Congo is a war that has escaped to the design of a regular armed conflict. It is above all a war of diametrically opposed powers, or even spirits that clash through militia led by a fascist and hegemonic ideology who sacrifice enormous human lives, plunder the resources of Congo and destroy nature and the ecosystem in the Congo basin shortly after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
This fascist ideology, conveyed by a destructive force without measuring has been extended from Rwanda into Congo. This war from Uganda has ravaged the whole central African region through the wars of invasion of Tutsi. This ideology is based on a false propaganda, supported by foreign powers and which policy has made a falsification of history that has become a sad reality that has taken root in Rwanda-Urundi, and gradually stretching breakneck speed in the Congo, moving from one pretext to another to maintain insecurity and seize power through armed violence, permanent assassinations of Congolese elite, systematic rape of women of all ages; malicious infiltration of Rwanda to strategic command posts at all levels in the Congo; terror, the lies, infernal misinformation, pillaging of all Congolese national resources; imposture, impunity and corruption introduced by wild Rwandan mercenaries those are put in power in Congo since January 2001.
The Rwandan invasions in Congo launched a total chaos in Central Africa and the use of violence out of the ordinary that threatens the existence of entire Congolese people. The Congolese people are directly threatened with extermination. They must be made aware of this danger and they must therefore mobilize to demand and obtain the resignation of the occupying power in Kinshasa implemented as soon as possible, and put an end to the Rwandan ideology on Congolese soil. There will be no real peace without justice.
The wars of invasion of Uganda-Rwanda-Burundi coalition in the Congo must be punished according to the UN Charter and international law. The Tutsi elite is the paramount responsible for the tragedy in the region. Because the caste conflict between Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda has entered into flood overflowing the boundaries that confined it since 1959.
Jeanne-Marie Sindani, M.A.
Diplomatic & Strategic Studies
The Truth can be buried and stomped into the ground where none can see, yet eventually it will, like a seed, break through the surface once again far more potent than ever, and Nothing can stop it. Truth can be suppressed for a « time », yet It cannot be destroyed. ==> Wolverine
Africatime – Republique democratique du Congo: L’holocauste Congolais (1996-2008) : une réalité tragique de l’idéologie fasciste … www.africatime.com/rdc/pays.asp?no_categorie=2 – 61k –
Rwanda: Une réalité tragique de l’idéologie fasciste dans un monde unipolaire. Jeanne-Marie SINDANI. 8 Avril 2008 …fr.allafrica.com/stories/200804080170.html